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Infection Control: How to Keep Yourself and Others Safe


Infection control is an essential component of healthcare, particularly during a pandemic like COVID-19. It is critical to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, and there are many ways you can do your part to keep yourself and others safe. In this article, we’ll go over some practical steps you can take to prevent infection, whether you’re in a hospital, at home, or out and about.

Hand hygiene:

One of the easiest and most effective ways to prevent the spread of infectious diseases is to practice good hand hygiene. This means washing your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or using a hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. Make sure to wash your hands:

  • Before and after eating
  • After using the restroom
  • After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
  • Before and after caring for someone who is sick
  • After touching high-touch surfaces such as doorknobs, light switches, or elevator buttons

Respiratory hygiene:

Another essential aspect of infection control is respiratory hygiene. This means covering your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throwing the tissue away and washing your hands. If you don’t have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your elbow instead of your hands. By doing so, you can prevent the spread of respiratory droplets that can contain viruses and bacteria.

Personal protective equipment:

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is essential in healthcare settings, particularly during a pandemic. PPE includes items such as masks, gloves, gowns, and eye protection. If you work in healthcare, make sure to use PPE appropriately and dispose of it safely after use. If you’re not a healthcare worker, you can still wear a mask and gloves when in public, particularly in areas with high rates of infection.

Cleaning and disinfection:

Regular cleaning and disinfection are critical to prevent the spread of infectious diseases. Clean frequently touched surfaces, such as countertops, doorknobs, and light switches, with soap and water or a disinfectant. If you’re in a healthcare setting, make sure to follow your facility’s cleaning and disinfection protocols.

Isolation precautions:

If you’re sick with an infectious disease, it’s essential to follow isolation precautions to prevent the spread of the disease to others. This may mean staying home from work or school, avoiding close contact with others, and wearing a mask if you must leave your home.


Vaccinations are a crucial part of infection control, particularly during a pandemic. Make sure you’re up-to-date on all recommended vaccines, including the flu vaccine and the COVID-19 vaccine. Vaccines can prevent the spread of infectious diseases and protect you from a serious illness.


Infection control is critical to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, particularly during a pandemic. By practicing good hand hygiene, and respiratory hygiene, using PPE appropriately, cleaning and disinfecting frequently touched surfaces, following isolation precautions when sick, and getting vaccinated, you can do your part to keep yourself and others safe. Remember, infection control is everyone’s responsibility, and together, we can prevent the spread of infectious diseases.


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